Ergonomics: Ergonomics is the science of designing the job, equipment and workplace to fit the worker. Proper ergonomic design is necessary to prevent repetitive strain injuries and other musculoskeletal disorders, which can develop over time and can lead to long-term dysfunction or disability.
Physical ergonomics encompasses human anatomy and biomechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Physical ergonomic principle involves maintaining neutral postures. Neutral postures keep muscles at their normal length and allow them to generate the most force while reducing stress and possible injury to muscles, tendons, nerves and bones during physical activity. Most ergonomic injuries are musculoskeletal disorders which result in persistent pain, loss of functional capacity and work capability.
Physical therapists can provide professional guidance and recommendations in order to prevent musculoskeletal disorders in one’s life by assessing, planning and developing standards and procedures to support proper ergonomics and prevent injury.
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